PITCAIRN ISLAND HAS GREATER FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY
UNDER A NEW CONSTITUTION
Pitcairn Island, South Pacific Ocean, June 8, 2009
----- Pitcairn Island has a new Constitution, the fourth in the island's 219-year
European-Polynesian history, and although its provisions are being followed on
the island its people have not yet formally voted on it.
The new Constitution
was accepted by the Pitcairn Island Council in August 2008, on the urging of the
Auckland-based Pitcairn Commissioner Leslie Jacques, but the Pitcairn people have
as yet not voted to accept the document, nor has it been officially promulgated
on the island.
Characterized as being "more democratic in that it
brings the Island Council closer to the people" than the previous system,
the new Constitution does not set well with some Pitcairners as far as being able
to determine their own fate is concerned.
"Nothing that we see has
changed," said one islander. "Everything is still subject to the Governor's
approval." The Pitcairn governor, appointed by the United Kingdom, resides
in Wellington, New Zealand, some 4,000 miles from Pitcairn.
the document is still very new and not fully tested, an islander said, "If
there is a change, it might surface during the coming months, as this is still
quite a new system."
Under the new Constitution, the Pitcairn mayor
is the leading governmental authority on the island and is elected every three
years. He is assisted by a deputy mayor. The mayor heads the 10-member, regularly-meeting
Island Council. Answering to the Council are four division managers who head community
development, natural resources, operations and works, and economics and finance
activity on the island.
The new Pitcairn Constitution is a result of promises
by the United Kingdom to give its overseas territories greater freedom in determining
their own futures. Earlier Pitcairn Constitutions were enacted in 1838, 1893,
and 1904. The 1838 Pitcairn Constitution was written at the Pitcairners' request
by Captain Russell Elliott, a British naval officer. It gave Pitcairn women the
right to vote, and mandated education for all Pitcairn children from ages six
to 16. Thus Pitcairn Island is likely the first place in the world to have granted
suffrage to women.
According to Pitcairn Mayor Michael Warren, the new
government structure provided for in the new Constitution came into operation
on April 1, 2009.
"The new system comes under the umbrella of The
British White Paper on Partnership and Progress which outlines the relationship
between Britain and her Overseas Territories," said Warren. "It sets
the perimeters in allowing the Territories to determine their own future, and
make their own decisions regarding their own destiny."
Under the new
governmental structure, said Warren, "The Island Council is left more clearly
to govern, there is a clearer division and devolution of responsibility with all
operations falling into one of four departments."
According to Warren,
"Much of the work previously undertaken by the Pitcairn Island Office in
New Zealand will in the future be decided on-Island; the Island will be more autonomous,
and have more responsibility for its own decisions."
Pitcairn Islands Study Center, 1 Angwin
Ave., Angwin, CA, USA. Herbert Ford, 707-965-6625, 707-965-2047, Fax: 707-965-6504,
Email: email@example.com, Website: http://library.puc.edu/pitcairn/TD>