AFTER 200-YEAR PROHIBITION LIQUOR NOW FLOWS ON PITCAIRN
PITCAIRN ISLAND, SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN, April 8, 2009 - Tiny Pitcairn
Island, home to some 60 descendants of the sailors of the famed "mutiny on
the Bounty' - which hasn't had too good a history with the stuff in the past -
now has laws permitting the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
2009 ordinance permitting the sale and use of liquor on Pitcairn has been signed
by Pitcairn's Wellington-based governor. It carries the weight of law on the island.
Interestingly enough, the ordinance prohibits the consumption of liquor
by the Pitcairners while they are on Henderson, Ducie and Oeno, the other islands
of the four-island Pitcairn group. The distances of these islands from Pitcairn
vary from 75 to nearly 300 miles.
The consumption of an alcohol beverage
manufactured from the ti plant on Pitcairn by two of the Bounty mutiny sailors
is credited with causing suicide and murder on the island over a period of several
years after 1790. Thereafter liquor has been banned on Pitcairn Island for more
than 200 years.
The new Pitcairn liquor law bans the sale of liquor or consumption
of it to islanders under the age of 18, a departure from the New Zealand Sale
of Liquor Act of 1989 which allows parents to supply liquor to their own children,
and supply minors in the privacy of their home.
However, Pitcairn homeowners
may obtain a license to serve liquor for consumption on the premises "provided
the liquor is sold only to persons who are residing in those premises as accommodation
guests." This provision supports Pitcairn's relatively recent world-wide
outreach to tourists.
The law also bans consumption of liquor in the island's
school, its public square, on its public roads, its eco trail, its general store,
museum, medical center, and at the island's boat landing.
is given in the law to a required sobriety of crew members of Pitcairn's two longboats
which are the only means of landing supplies or passengers from passing ships
onto the island. Pitcairn has no harbor.
"No person being a member
of the working crew on supply ship days, including cargo handlers at ship and
shore, shall consume liquor while working longboats are in the water," the
"No person being a member of the longboat crew, including
cargo handlers at ship and shore, shall, after notice has been received of the
impending arrival of any ship, consume liquor during the 12-hour period (prior)
to the estimated arrival of the ship.
"No person shall drive or be
in command of or operate any vessel or machinery while under the influence of
alcohol," according to the new law. Fines of $100 or $250 are to be lifted
for such violations.
A first offender who drives a motor vehicle or commands
or operates a vessel or machinery under the influence of alcohol on Pitcairn Island
is given a fine of $250 "and/or prohibition from driving any motor vehicle
or commanding or operating any vessel or machinery for a period of up to six months."
A second offender surrenders the same amount of money, with his or her driving
or operating prohibition being for a period of up to 12 months.
this part of the law has a big loophole in it: "It shall be a defense to
this offense if a person drives a motor vehicle or commands or operates a vessel
or machinery with the genuine and reasonable belief that there is an emergency
requiring that he or she drive that vehicle or command or operate that vessel,"
the law states.
The only motor vehicles operated on Pitcairn Island are
all terrain vehicles (ATV's).
Pitcairn Islands Study Center, 1 Angwin
Ave., Angwin, CA, USA. Herbert Ford, 707-965-6625, 707-965-2047, Fax: 707-965-6504,
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: http://library.puc.edu/pitcairn